Pushing Beyond the Status Quo: Borromini's Architectural Innovation under Social and Spatial Constraints

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Patronage in Rome during the first half of the 17th century sparked a new wave of artistic innovation, as popes and wealthy nobles eagerly etched their legacy through urban projects and private architectural commissions. While many Baroque architects subscribed to the extravagant artistic conventions of the time, Francesco Borromini rejected such pretenses, instead creating his own element of drama through varied architectural rhythms and contrasting elements to emphasize movement. Often working under spatial and social constraints, Borromini pushed beyond the architectural status quo by playing with classical elements and advancing innovative geometric juxtapositions, resulting in unique buildings that were stylistically progressive.